Queen Elizabeth II Biography
Queen Elizabeth-ii (1952 – ) became topped Head of State, Head of the Commonwealth and Supreme Governor of the Church of England in 1952.
Elizabeth was the eldest child of Prince Albert, the Duke of York (later George VI) and his wife Elizabeth (later known as the Queen Mother). Her father Prince Albert changed into 2d in line to the throne, until his elder brother Edward VIII abdicated in 1936 – pushing the shy Prince Albert into a sudden position of King. King George VI rose to the task though he died early in 1952.
Elizabeth was educated at domestic, alongside her sister Princess Margaret. During the Second World War, they had been evacuated to Balmoral and later Windsor Castle. Towards the quiet of the struggle in 1945, Elizabeth joined the Women’s Royal Auxiliary Territorial Service, wherein she served as a driving force and mechanic. After the battle, she more and more stepped into her position of performing public service and made her first overseas trip to South Africa in 1947. Shortly earlier than her 21st birthday, she stated:
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“I claim before you all that my entire life, whether or not it be lengthy or quick, shall be dedicated for your service and the service of our top notch imperial circle of relatives to which all of us belong.”
Phillip-queen In 1947, she married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark in a ceremony at Westminster; they had recognised every different for numerous years. Some wherein opposed to the union due to his overseas ties, however, this become conquer via his service within the Royal Navy. They were fortuitously married for over 70 years, and their dating is a source of mutual strength, even supposing Prince Philip has a recognition for letting slip the strange colourful commentary about foreigners. Elizabeth gave a start to their first child in 1948 – the destiny Prince Charles. They had four youngsters in overall. (Charles, Anne, Andrew, Edward)
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Elizabeth-ii In 1952, her father George VI surpassed away and Queen Elizabeth became topped Queen to large enthusiasm. Her coronation set TV statistics around the globe, and it regarded to herald a brand new era for the monarchy and British Commonwealth. News of Edmund Hilary attaining the peak of Mt Everest was behind schedule to coincide with her coronation. It appeared a symbolic cease to the post-war austerity.
The 1950s can be visible as the golden age for the Queen. Deference and Queen_Elizabeth_II respect to the Royal own family were nonetheless excessive, and the young Elizabeth seemed like the fairy-story Princess. However, over the following few many years, vast social trade noticed a decline in conventional attitudes to the monarchy. Also, the new technology of TV and severe media scrutiny led to many adverse headlines as her children had been stuck up in marital troubles and associated scandals.
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Yet, there have been still excessive factors for the Royal Family, which includes her ‘Silver Jubilee’ in 1977 and the marriage of Prince Charles and Lady Diana in 1981. By the Nineties, the media had a great fascination with Princess Diana, but as their marriage broke down, the Queen become an increasing number of perceived as being out of contact. In 1992, she famously declared the year to be her ‘annus horribilus‘ The year saw media headlines ruled by the marriage breakup of Charles and Diana, a hearth in Windsor, and different criticisms of the Royal Family.
“1992 is not a yr on which I shall appearance returned with undiluted satisfaction. In the phrases of considered one of my more sympathetic correspondents, it has grown to become out to be an ‘Annus Horribilis‘.” (Christmas cope with, 1992)
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In 1996, Princess Diana died in a vehicle crash, and briefly, there has been public dismay as the Queen seemed remote and refused to fly the flag at 1/2 mast. But, after the Queen later expressed admiration for Princess Diana the hostility evaporated. Nevertheless, the connection between Princess Diana and the Queen were pleasant described as being ‘cool’.
Elizabeth The Queen placed tremendous emphasis on her activity as uniting the Commonwealth – a hard job in the put up warfare length as decolonisation caused many differing issues. However, the Queen usually received sizeable acclaim, and many comments she changed into a real unifying presence on the Commonwealth meetings. In a speech to the United Nations, in 2010, she pointed out the significance of nations working collectively:
“In the next day’s international we should all paintings together as tough as ever if we’re true to be United Nations.”
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After the difficulties of the Nineties, the 2000s noticed a resurgence in her recognition because the Royal Family positioned many difficulties behind them and that they were able to celebrate the appropriate news. If 1992 turned into her anus horribilus, 2012, became perhaps her annus mirabilis. Firstly, in April, Prince William married Kate Middleton to considerable public enthusiasm. Then in the summer season, her Golden Jubilee become widely celebrated and famous despite the moist weather. Finally, in July 2012, she took part in the commencing ceremony of the London Olympics – which became a huge worldwide fulfilment.
During her time as Head of State, Queen Elizabeth has sought to refrain from interfering in political problems and provide a moderating influence on the nation.
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“We are a slight, pragmatic people, greater at ease with exercise than a concept.” (30 April 2002)
She is a committed Christian and frequently mentions her non-secular ideals in her Christmas addresses. However, in her function as Head of the Church of England, she has said that she is dedicated to defensive the rights of all distinct faiths.
“The idea of our mounted Church is occasionally misunderstood and, I agree with, typically underneath-favored. Its position isn’t always to shield Anglicanism to the exclusion of different religions. Instead, the Church has an obligation to shield the unfastened practice of all faiths in this united states.”
– During a speech at Lambeth Palace, 15/02/2012.
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Despite passing ninety years, she is in relative right health and indicates no sign of passing the throne to her heir Charles early. Though in current years, she has started to scale back on public engagements.
Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. “Biography of Queen Elizabeth II”, Oxford, www.Biographyonline.Net, 30/01/2013. Updated thirty-first January 2017.
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